Abnormalities on the outside of the body can be congenital, but they can also be caused by injury, trauma, infection, disease, and tumors. For many people, any kind of abnormality of the body can cause them to become extremely self-conscious. Besides emotional pain, these abnormalities can also cause physical pain. The good news is reconstructive surgeons can perform a variety of procedures to correct abnormalities of the face and body. In many cases, along with improving appearance, reconstructive surgeons can help to improve body function.
Here are three procedures that reconstructive surgeons perform.
1. Breast Reconstruction
Indeed, breast reconstruction is often done for cosmetic purposes, but reconstructive surgeons also perform breast reconstruction for another reason. Women with breast cancer may need either one or both breasts removed to stop the spread of cancer. In either case, they will have the option for breast reconstruction, which is when a reconstructive surgeon rebuilds the shape and appearance of the breast.
2. Scar Revision
When a person needs surgery of any kind, it results in the growth of tissue called a scar. This scar marks the spot where the skin has healed. While scars are a sign of healing, they can sometimes make a person feel self-conscious, especially when they are on a visible part of the body. In some cases, scars can also become red, itchy, and irritated.
The different kinds of scars include:
- Hypertrophic. This thick cluster of scars develops at the wound site and can become red and uncomfortable.
- Keloids. These large scars extend past the edge of the original incision and may become painful and itchy.
- Contractures. When the skin and underlying tissues pull together during healing, it results in this type of scar.
A reconstructive surgeon can perform scar revision surgery on the above types of scars. This type of surgery will help to improve the appearance of the scar and decrease discomfort.
When the nasal septum is displaced to the side it causes one of the nasal passages to become smaller than normal. This is called a deviated septum. A severe deviated septum makes it difficult to breathe. Other common symptoms associated with a deviated septum include nosebleeds, facial pain, recurring sinus infections, and noisy breathing during sleep.
One treatment option for a deviated septum is a reconstructive surgery called septoplasty. During this procedure, a reconstructive surgeon straightens the bones and cartilage between the septum. This procedure allows for better airflow through the nose and improves the appearance of the nose and face.